The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (Al Mamlakah al Urdunniyah al Hashimiyah) is a small country located at the heart of the Middle East. It is situated in the Levant near the southeastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea. The unique location of Jordan has given it strategic and economic importance, making it a vital trading and communication link between east and west. The country shares borders with Syria to the north, Iraq to the east, Saudi Arabia to the east and south, while Palestinian National Authority and Israel lie to the west. The area of Jordan is about 92,300 sq. kilometers (57,354 sq. miles). Amman is the capital and largest city of Jordan. The climate depends on which part of the country you are in. However, one can say that it tends to be dry, sunny and cloudless from May to November where temperature rises to about 32° C. (90° F). From December to February the weather is cool and wet and most of the country's rainfall occurs. Freezing Temperatures are not unknown. Snowfall often occurs, however, the average temperature in winter is above 7.2° C (45° F). From March to May it is the spring season, while autumn comes in September, October and early November.